Loyalist Women in New Brunswick, 1783-1827: Historical Context

Historical Context

Explore the work and roles of Loyalist women through essays, images, and a select bibliography.

Women’s World in Eighteenth-Century New Brunswick
The family was the major unit of economic and social life in the eighteenth century. Read more to discover the roles and functions of an eighteenth-century wife, mother, and daughter.

Literacy in Eighteenth-Century North America
It is a common misconception that most people living in eighteenth-century British North America were illiterate. Many Loyalist women were highly literate and, through their letters, played an important role in maintaining family and friendship networks across great distances.

The Family in Exile: Loyalist Social Values after the Revolution
Ann Gorman Condon, "The Family in Exile: Loyalist Social Values after the Revolution." In Intimate Relations: Family and Community in Planter Nova Scotia, 1759-1800, edited by Margaret Conrad. Fredericton: Acadiensis Press, 1995.

The Diary of Sarah Frost, 1783: The Sounds and Silences of a Woman's Exile
Gwen Davies, "The Diary of Sarah Frost, 1783: The Sounds and Silences of a Woman's Exile." Papers of the Bibliographical Society of Canada, 42, 2 (2004): 57-69.

Researching Eighteenth-Century Maritime Women Writers: Deborah How Cottnam — a Case Study
Gwen Davies, "Researching Eighteenth-Century Maritime Women Writers: Deborah How Cottnam — a Case Study." In Working in Women's Archives: Researching Women's Private Literature and Archival Documents, edited by Helen M. Buss and Marlene Kadar. Waterloo: Wilfrid Laurier University Press, 2001.

"The Grandmother's Story": Oral Tradition, Family Manuscript, and a Mysterious Manuscript
Robert C. Fisher, "'The Grandmother's Story': Oral Tradition, Family Manuscript, and a Mysterious Manuscript." In Archivaria, no. 57, Spring 2004.

Introduction to Select Loyalist Memorials
W. S. MacNutt, Introduction to Select Loyalist Memorials: The Appeals for Compensation for Losses and Sacrifices to the British Parliamentary Commission of 1783 to 1789 from Loyalist of the American Revolution who came to Canada. Manuscript, 1976. University of New Brunswick Archives and Special Collections.

A bibliography of selected print and online resources is available for those interested in pursuing the history of Loyalist women in New Brunswick.

Biographies

Read the stories and struggles of the Winslow women and five contemporary Loyalist women.

Image Gallery

Browse images of artifacts, portraits, and newspaper articles relating to Loyalist women’s culture in colonial New Brunswick.